Perennial flowers have long lifespan and the garden enthusiasts can watch with pleasure how a landscaped perennial garden evolves over time. Most perennials spread and cover the soil so that after 2-3 years the garden will become natural and wild, and the owners of such gardens will be able to easily multiply their favorite plants.
Perennial Garden Picture
What is a Perennial Garden?
A perennial garden is the best choice for those who want a colorful garden without having to plant flowers every year. The Perennial garden plants are those that grow and bloom from the same root or the same bulb for several years. Almost all of these perennials grow beautifully without special care. Some bloom the first year after planting, others only in the second year of life when they mature. The good news is that you do not need to replant them, but the bad news is that the flowering period is usually short-lived. The solution is to combine them so as to enjoy the flowers in the garden all the time.
Another feature of the perennial garden is that it has colored flowers, the palette is varied for each variety of flower in hand, and the flowers are very fragrant.
Types of perennial flowers
1. Evergreen perennial flowers- these include some varieties found in alpine areas that require minimal attention. In March or April, if the plant looks more vigorous and green, you only have to leave it alone. In case only a few leaves are brown and appear sick cut them off with scissors or break them by hand. The alpine perennial category includes: rock ress, aurinia saxatilis, Dianthus, Phlox subulata and Iberis.
2. Semi-evergreen perennial flowers- even if it sounds unusual, this name is justified in situations when plants remain completely green during mild winters. Among these types of plants we can mention: Bergenia, Heuchera, Tiarella, Japanese sedge and various ferns.
3. Perennial flowers with woody stems – these are better left aside until the middle of spring, before they are cut again. In general, about 15 cm is left at the bottom of the buds. Some examples in this category are: Artemisia, Buddleja, Caryopteris, Erysimum, Fuchsia, Hypericum, Lavandula arborea, Phygelius.
Maintaining a Perennial garden
If you have a garden with perennial flowers the only concern you should have, is to remove weeds, to water the plants occasionally and to fertilize the soil once or twice a year, in spring or autumn. Although they require a minimal maintenance, in order to keep a perennial garden healthy, follow these steps.
What you need:
-pair of scissors
-water source + hoe
What you have to do:
-Cut damaged leaves and pull weeds
-Water the flowers
-Inspect and get rid of pests
-Fertilize with a granular fertlizer